ANALISIS TINGKAT KEMISKINAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA MISKIN DI KOTA BATU

Prasetyo, Handi (2009) ANALISIS TINGKAT KEMISKINAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA MISKIN DI KOTA BATU. Other thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

This study is a survey study, which have the objective to discover poor domestic characteristic in Kota Batu and the effects of education and amount of family burden/responsibilities toward poor domestic income in Kota Batu. Result of this study is expected to be useful for stakeholders, particularly for regional government to give their thought about this for Kota Batu Regional Government in making policies and programs toward alleviation of poverty problems. It is also expected that this study can be used for other stakeholder as fundamental for the future studies, especially about poverty level and government policy in handling this matter. Based on the existed theories, hypothesis proposed for this study, particularly concerning the second matter is: “that education level and amount of family burden/responsibilities does have effect toward poor domestic income in Kota Batu”. Analysis technique is using multiple linear regressions, processed using SPSS ver. 13.0 software. The results shows that poor domestic characteristic in Kota Batu is having majority in head of domestic (household) which works as a farmer, with educational level from elementary school and income level range between Rp 150.000 – Rp 340.000. For settlement characteristic, majority of respondent living in a house with roof-tile as their roof, floor from cement and wall made of wood. For the owning status of those houses, most of them owned it by themselves and while for the availability of bathroom, they claim to have it as personal facility or it is placed within their house. In a matter of light-source, majority used small light as their light-source. For media used in cooking, majority still use gasoline. Most of the respondent’s ability in buying meat/milk/chicken in a week is still uncertain. In meal frequency for one day, most respondent said twice a day. The ability to buy new clothes in a year is still uncertain. Respondent’s ability to accessed health service when there are family member getting ill is to give treatment at home. Most of respondent didn’t have family member with age class 7-60 years old who cannot read and also didn’t have family member with age class 7-15 years old who didn’t attend school. Majority of respondent said they had 5 family members as burden or responsibility. Based on multiple linear regressions analysis, we obtained multiple correlation (R) value 0,368 with determination coefficient (R2) value 0,135. This values indicates that educational level and amount of family’s burden/responsibilities is contributing toward income gained in poor family domestic in Kota Batu for 13,5%, while the rest of 86,5% is affected by other factors not tested in this study. Overall test has derived Fcalculation 29,124 and Ftable 3,019 and since Fcalculation > Ftable, means that educational level and amount of family’s burden/responsibilities is claimed to have significant effect toward the domestic amount of income in Kota Batu. While partial test has tcalculation for educational level 7,538 and ttable 1,96. Since tcalculation is higher than ttable, we can conclude that educational level partially had significant effect toward domestic amount of income for poor families in Kota Batu. In the meantime, tcalculation for amount of family’s burden/responsibilities is 0,664 and ttable 1,96. Since tcalculation is lower than ttable, it means that amount of family’s burden/responsibilities doesn’t have effect toward poor domestic income in Kota Batu.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Economic > Department of Economics and Development Studies
Depositing User: Anggit Aldila
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2012 05:27
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2012 05:27
URI: http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/9586

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