KONSTRUKSI SURAT KABAR TERHADAP PEMILIHAN GUBERNUR JAWA TIMUR 2008 PUTARAN KEDUA(Analisis Framing pada Headline Harian Jawa Pos dan Surya)

Khoiriyah, Umu (2009) KONSTRUKSI SURAT KABAR TERHADAP PEMILIHAN GUBERNUR JAWA TIMUR 2008 PUTARAN KEDUA(Analisis Framing pada Headline Harian Jawa Pos dan Surya). Other thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

General election for East Java’s governor and vice-governor 2008 is the first experience for East Java’s people. Typically people have elected governor through house of representative in district level. There are 5 candidates for this year election. But there are only 2 pairs of candidate can enter the second round election, that is Khofifah Indar Parawansa – Mudjiono (Kaji) and Soekarwo – Saifullah Yusuf (Karsa). The political agenda for both pairs has been considered high value by the media. All media has involved in a competition to presents recent news on second round of governor election in East Java. Media is not information distribution with passive nature, but it is actively forming news. Means that facts already collected should be processed before presented to the community. Media has done reality construction process. Reality process on news about future governor of East Java for the period of 2008-2013 which has been done by Jawa Pos and Surya is quite different. Depart from this, author has taking interest to discover news construction about this big political agenda. Thus, this experiment on newspaper construction on the second round of East Java’s governor election 2008 is necessary to conduct. To discover ways or media ideology while they are constructing facts, framing analysis is being used. This analysis has considered selection strategy, distinction, and or linkage of fact into the news to make it meaningful, more interesting, and easier to remember in order to directing community’s interpretation into desirable perspective. Framing process has explained how communicator has presented their interest and ideology used as a strategy toward particular and specific event reflected with the news. This experiment has referred to Zhongdang Pan and Gerald M. Kosicki framing analysis model. This model assumed that each news has a frame which functioning as the centre of ideas organization. This frame is ideas connected through different element inside a news text (such as source cited, information background, certain word or sentence to be used) into overall text. Framing instruments used in this experiment is comprises of four major structures, that is: syntax, script, thematic and rhetoric. And this experiment is using interpretative qualitative experiment type with text-media analysis approach. From the analysis result, both media has shown that there are differences for both emphasizes. Each media has different characteristic in treating their facts. For Jawa Pos, second round of East Java’s governor election 2008 has been accepted as one of the big political party in this nation. Thus, governor election made East Java’s people became free to express their aspiration, such as Golkar party and PDIP which made governor election as a big leap to president election of 2009, quarrels and maneuver in internal level of organization such as NU, Golkar and PKB and also political competition inter-party for PDIP party which proposed Megawati Soekarno Putri and Demokrat party which proposed Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) has their own interest toward president election in 2009. If it is connected with media political economic, news in which the community favoured, will bring advantage for the media, therefore media routinity level has made media present their governor election news since it is considered of high news value. It goes differently with Surya. As a governor replacement event, the second round of East Java’s governor election 2008, has been accepted by Surya as an open fight between both pairs of candidate in votes. Leader selection which projected to be able to made advance progression in East Java and able to achieve community welfare is emphasize on Karsa (Soekarwo – Saifullah Yusuf), major political party coalition such as Golkar, PAN, and PKB has been framed to support Karsa, however, on the other side Surya also want to describe about golput (neutral vote) which still exist in the community, negative image of Saifullah Yusuf which exposed as having many maneuver with Kaji, quarrel in internal level of PKB pro Gus Dur and PKB pro Muhaimin which in frame are both agree to give support on East Java governor election, and other media political economic interest which cannot refuse for political advertisement since both side, whether the advertiser nor the media, gain advantage on it.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Political Science > Department of Communication Sience
Depositing User: Anwar Jasin
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2012 03:01
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2012 03:01
URI: http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/8842

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