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Analisis Kekuatan Hukum dan Politik Chevron dalam Kasus Tuduhan Perusakan Lingkungan di Ekuador

Prinanda, Devita (2019) Analisis Kekuatan Hukum dan Politik Chevron dalam Kasus Tuduhan Perusakan Lingkungan di Ekuador. Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, 15 (1). pp. 149-162. ISSN 2406-8748

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Abstract

Corporate power could be a dilemma for a state where the company operates. Corporation has tendency to create wealth as well as gain political interest. Increasing profit is a natural activity of an internal firm, besides company seeks for external power such as legal strength. The complexity of corporate activities invited states and associety as a controller.If there is a deviation committed by corporation, there will be an effort to resolve it through law of the host country. However, corporation has three power to face the allegation. There are political action committee, lobbying, and attorney. Corporation will defend their business empire from any barrier from host country. The story of Chevron in Ecuador from 2009 to 2013 explained the lawsuit in Ecuadorian court. Chevron was compensated for damages due to environmental effect in Amazon river and forest. However, Chevron did not comply with Ecuadorian Judge and sued back through New York Court and International Court. Using the indicator of the power of corporation by Ted Nace, this study explains the effort of Chevron in facing Ecuadorian Politics and law. I argue that Chevron had power to maintain their grasp in Ecuador by utilizing its constitutional rights. Constitutional right is the prominent aspect of corporation to legitimate its power over state.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Corporation, Chevron, Ecuador, Environmental Degradation, Law, Politics
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Political Science > Department of International Relations (64201)
Depositing User: Devita Prinanda
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2019 04:05
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2020 06:44
URI : http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/52758

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