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THE EFFECT OF COMBINATION OF PLANT DISTANCE AND TYPE OF FERTILIZER COSTS ON GROWTH AND RESULTS OF ZUKINI PLANT (Cucurbita pepo L).

Deva Ariyanto, Wahyu (2019) THE EFFECT OF COMBINATION OF PLANT DISTANCE AND TYPE OF FERTILIZER COSTS ON GROWTH AND RESULTS OF ZUKINI PLANT (Cucurbita pepo L). Bachelors Degree (S1) thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

Zucchini has a characteristic that is not found in other vegetables in food, biological and flavor values that make it possible to prepare zucchini-based dishes. Therefore this commodity is very prospective to be widely marketed. According to Salata and Stepaniuk (2013) zucchini is included in the type of vegetable that is commercially increasing in Poland from year to year. Research on zukini planting spacing is the best from various spacing in each journal. Plant spacing is one of the efforts in cultivating farming, so it is necessary to know with certainty the important role in influencing the growth component and the quality of crop yields. To meet the soil nutrient itself, fertilization is generally needed, the fertilizer used is inorganic fertilizer, but continuous inorganic fertilizer application is not good for the soil or can damage the soil if it is not matched with organic fertilizer such as manure. This study aims to determine the effect of the combination of plant spacing with manure on the growth and yield of zucchini plants, the effect of spacing on the growth and yield of zucchini plants and the influence of types of manure on the growth and yield of zukini plants. This research was conducted in April - June 2019 in Pendem village, Malang Regency. The experiment was carried out using factorial randomized block design (RCBD), where factor 1 was 4 spacing (30X60.40X60.50X60.60X60) while factor 2 was petroorganic fertilizer (control), cow manure, goat manure and chicken manure. Variable variables consisted of plant height (cm), number of leaves (strands), stem diameter (mm), leaf area (cm2), number of fruits, fruit weight (g), fruit length (cm), fruit diameter (mm), number flower and flowering age. The results showed that the treatment combination between planting spacing and manure (JXP) interaction had a very significant effect on the growth parameters of plant height, number of leaves, and significantly affected the stem diameter and leaf area and parameters yielding the number of flowers, number of flowers and fruit weight very real effect. The combination of 50 X 60 spacing treatment with chicken manure (J3P3) produced the best observation of plant height, number of leaves and stem diameter compared to other treatments and 60 X 60 spacing treatment with chicken manure (J4P3) which produced the highest average leaf area. The combination of 50 X 60 spacing with chicken manure has the highest average in the parameters of the number of flowers, the number of fruits and fruit weight. Treatment of spacing (J) based on analysis of variance shows a significant effect where the best spacing is 50 X 60 treatment spacing (J3) and not significantly different from spacing of 60 X 60 (J4) on growth parameters. The treatment of manure (P) had no significant effect on all parameters tested.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelors Degree (S1))
Student ID: 201510200311093
Thesis Advisors: Untung Santoso (008116301), Aniek Iriany (0709086301)
Keywords: Zucchini, Spacing, Manure.
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry > Department of Agrotechnology (54211)
Depositing User: 201510200311093
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2019 02:21
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2019 02:21
URI : http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/51719

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