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A STUDY ON GENDER-BASED INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND READING STRATEGIES ON READING COMPREHENSION AT UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

Yuniswati, Maulida (2019) A STUDY ON GENDER-BASED INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND READING STRATEGIES ON READING COMPREHENSION AT UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG. Masters (S2) thesis, University Of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

In general, this study is to reveal the impact of individual differences toward reading comprehension. For the limitation of the study, the researcher involves gender and reading strategies as the exogenous variables (independent variables) and reading comprehension as the endogenous variable (dependant variable). This study is quantitative employing t-test independent sample and regression. The subjects of the study are 152 students at University of Muhammadiyah Malang. The procedure to collect the data in this study involved two kinds of instruments which were a set of test and a set of questionnaire. The test is used to collect the data related to the students reading comprehension. Meanwhile, the questionnaire is distributed to participants in order to find out reading strategy used by the participants. All the data obtained from the participants are statistically calculated, analyzed and described by utilizing SPSS 16.0. Based on the data analysis, it revealed that the female students performed better than their female counterparts as the mean score showed 68.1184 and 58.9342 respectively. In addition, in terms of reading strategies, 64 students out of 152 were high user of reading strategies; their score ranged from 102-105. Furthermore, the vast majority of the students showed either medium or satisfactory level in reading comprehension, 30.3 per cent and 35.5 per cent respectively. The correlation coefficient between students’ reading strategies and their reading comprehension ability was .58. It means that there a significant or positive correlation between both of them. Due to several weaknesses found in this study, several recommendations are made for the future researchers who have interest to conduct similar studies. First, in terms of the sampling, this study involves only 152 participants, further study needs to involve bigger number of participants, especially by fulfilling the recommended ration of sampling with 20:1 ratio. Using the proposed number of the participants may avoid bias to the results of the study. Furthermore, in terms of the sampling techniques, the future researchers are suggested to use random sampling techniques in order to provide more generalized findings. . Furthermore, future researchers are suggested to consider other factors of individual differences such as age, aptitude, motivation, learning styles, or personality to provide more meaningful interpretation.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters (S2))
Additional Information: 201410560211030
Uncontrolled Keywords: gender, reading strategies, reading comprehension
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
P Language and Literature > PE English
Divisions: Postgraduate > Master of English Language Education
Depositing User: Moh. Zawawi
Date Deposited: 02 May 2019 02:55
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 02:55
URI : http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/46032

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