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KEWARISAN JANIN DALAM KANDUNGAN (PENERAPAN METODE INTIQA’I DALAM MENETAPKAN HAK WARIS JANIN PERBANDINGAN MADZHAB HANAFI DAN MADZHAB SYAFI’I)

Amin, Amilia (2018) KEWARISAN JANIN DALAM KANDUNGAN (PENERAPAN METODE INTIQA’I DALAM MENETAPKAN HAK WARIS JANIN PERBANDINGAN MADZHAB HANAFI DAN MADZHAB SYAFI’I). Bachelors Degree (S1) thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

This study is focusing on fetus inheritance rights using Intiqa’i method. The purpose of this research is studying Hanafi Madhab and Syafi’I Madhab about fetus inheritance in order to be applied to intiqa’I method. To reach the purpose of the research, the method used in this study is intiqa’I (taking the most powerful opinion). The approach used in the research is comparative approach. This research is a library research with normative behavior. The result is as follows. First, Hanafi Madhab deciding that the maximum pregnancy age is 2 years of pregnancy. He ruled by Prophet’s companion’s fatwa from Aisyah r.a. While mention that the maximum of pregnancy age is 4 years. In this era, maximum pregnancy age is 40-42 weeks. Deciding the existence of life in a fetus, Syafi’i Madhab opine that some significant physical movement is needed. It is based on word of Prophet Mohammad SAW. Hanafi Madhab look at common physical movement such as crying, sneezing, and etcetera in order to prove that there is life exists within. The strongest opinion is Syafi’i Madzhab since he uses ruled of hadith. The inheritance sharing according to Syafi’i Madzhab should be delayed until the fetus is born. Hanafi Madhab opine, the inheritance sharing can be done without waiting the fetus to born. With the estimation of the inheritance sharing to 4 sons and 4 daughters. This is conditional and depends on the family’s agreement. If there is an event or accident that caused the fetus which was alive to dead, according to syafi’i Madhab the fetus will not get any inheritance right. For this does not match the hadith from Abu Hurairah. But according to Hanafi Madhab, the fetus will still get the inheritance right. The strongest opinion here is from Syafi’i Madhab since he uses hadith rule.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelors Degree (S1))
Student ID: 201410020311044
Keywords: Fetus in the womb, Syafi’i Madzhab, Hanafi Madzhab
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Faculty of Islamic Studies > Department of Islam Religion Education (Tarbiyah) (86208)
Depositing User: Agung Gallant Setiabudi
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2018 05:59
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2018 05:59
URI : http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/42122

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