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KAJIAN PENGGUNAAN POLIBAG ORGANIK BERBAHAN DASAR ENCENG GONDOK DAN PELEPAH BATANG PISANG PADA PEMBIBITAN PEPAYA ( Carica papaya L. )

Prasetiyo, Muhammad Halim (2018) KAJIAN PENGGUNAAN POLIBAG ORGANIK BERBAHAN DASAR ENCENG GONDOK DAN PELEPAH BATANG PISANG PADA PEMBIBITAN PEPAYA ( Carica papaya L. ). Bachelors Degree (S1) thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

The harvested area and national papaya production were 10.217 ha with production of 840,112 tons in 2014. Production and area of harvested papaya tend to decrease in 2014, harvested area decreased by 9.61% and production of 7.66%. Many factors have led to a decline in national papaya production, including decreasing land area and the age of old papaya plants. One effort to increase national papaya production is by breeding papaya plants. Papaya plant nursery activities generally use plastic-based polybags as nursery containers before they are ready to be moved to the field. The land area of 10,217 ha requires at least 10,217 million papaya seeds, equivalent to 10,217 million polybags. It can cause environmental pollution because plastic-based polybags require a long time to decompose. There needs to be environmentally friendly technology to reduce the use of plastic polybags. This study was conducted to determine the effect of the use of organic polybags made from water hyacinth and banana stem midrib by adding organic fertilizer to papaya seedlings. The study was conducted at the agrotechnology screen house of the Faculty of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, University of Muhammadiyah Malang. The study began in the februrari month 2018 to May 2018. The study used a simple Randomized Block Design (RBD) with 8 treatments and 3 replications. Observation parameters included plant height (cm), number of plant leaves (strands), plant stem diameter (mm), penetration of plant roots, plant root length (cm), plant stem dry weight (g), plant root weight (g). The data were then analyzed by the F test and then the BNJ or Tukey test at the 5% level, then analyzed by variety and crop correlation analysis. The use of organic polybag has no significant effect when compared with PO control but is significantly different when compared with POP treatment in plant parameters in the age of 21 to 28 days at POA treatment of 12.41, 13.5 and parameters of observation of plant stem diameter in the POAK treatment of 3 , 14, 3.54 and 4.32. There is a positive correlation between plant height and stem diameter of plants valued at 0.56. The number of leaf plants correlated with dry weight of plant stems worth 0.43. Plant stem diameter correlated with dry weight of plant stems valued at 0.78. The dry weight of plant roots correlated with dry weight of plant stems worth 0.44.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelors Degree (S1))
Additional Information: 201410200311020
Uncontrolled Keywords: Organic polybag, Nursery, Papaya
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture & Animal Husbandry > Department of Agronomy
Depositing User: Administration Library UMM 2
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2018 01:56
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2018 01:56
URI : http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/42090

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