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THE SPEECH ACT OF APOLOGY AS REALIZED BY EFL LEARNERS

Sudirman, Fitri Anjarsari (2018) THE SPEECH ACT OF APOLOGY AS REALIZED BY EFL LEARNERS. Masters (S2) thesis, University Of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

The purposes of this present research were, (1) to describe the strategies of apology used by EFL learners, and (2) to describe the way male and female EFL learners in the use of apology strategies. This research was descriptive study. This study attempted to give more detail description about apology strategies and the study also sought to investigate the differences between male and female EFL learners in the use of apology strategies. This research was conducted in University of Muhammadiyah Malang. The subject of this research was master program in English Language Teaching class of 2017-2018. There were 11 males and 11 females. In collecting the data, the researcher employed interview, and Discourse Completion Task (DCT). The data were categorized and analyzed based on Olshtain and Cohen (1983) of apology strategies. The result of this research showed that EFL learners used various types of apology strategies in completing Discourse Completion Task (DCT). the researcher found that the learners used five types of apology strategies. The five were an expression of apology (IFID), an offer of repair (REPR), an explanation of an account (EXPL), acknowledgement of responsibility for the offense (RESP), and a promise of forbearance (FORB). The result also showed that the use of IFID among males as well as females represented the first highest apology strategy. It had become clear that the use of IFID often co-occurred with other apology strategies. In other words, participants often used multiple apology strategies along with IFID. Based on the data analysis, it can be concluded that having ability to use apology strategies which was suitable with situations and relationships (status) was one important aspect of communicative competence. This research was expected to be useful for EFL teachers in providing the students with more opportunities in having English exposure, particularly cultural differences. The teachers could use DCT as pragmatic exercise to assess the development.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters (S2))
Additional Information: 201510560211023
Uncontrolled Keywords: speech act of apology, gender
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
P Language and Literature > PR English literature
Divisions: Postgraduate > Master of English Language Education
Depositing User: Moh. Zawawi
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2018 03:27
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2018 03:27
URI : http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/39060

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