EFEK EKSTRAK DAUN BUNGA BUGANG (Clerodendrum calamitosum L.) SEBAGAI LARVASIDA TERHADAP LARVA Anopheles Sp.

INDIRA PARASWATI, ROSA (2010) EFEK EKSTRAK DAUN BUNGA BUGANG (Clerodendrum calamitosum L.) SEBAGAI LARVASIDA TERHADAP LARVA Anopheles Sp. Other thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

Anopheles sp. is biological vector of various diseases especially Malaria and Filariasis (Wuchereria bancrofti dan Brugia Malayi). Larva control has been done by phisycal, chemical, biological methode. Chemical insectiside can cause enviromental damage, harmful to human health and resistance to some mosquitos now. For that reason, alternative larvacide is needed. Some of the bioactive substance of bugang leaves (Clerodendrum calamitosum L.) suspected toxic to Anopheles larvaes were alkaloid, saponin, and flavonoida. The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the larvasidal effect of bugang leaves extract againts Anopheles sp. larvaes. Extraction of bugang leaves was done in Chemical Laboratory University of Muhammadiyah Malang on December 2009. The research was done in Insectiside Test Laboratory Disease Reservoir Vector Research Centre Salatiga, Centre Java on January 2010. This experiment was true experiment­post test only control group design and was repeated four times. The dosages used were 5.000, 10.000, 20.000, 40.000, 80.000, 160.000 ppm and aquadest(control). The tests were done by using plastic glasses with diameter 7 cm and observed at 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 24 hours respectively. Concentration of 160.000 ppm showed the most effective insecticide potency up to 97% at the 24 hours. Probit analyzis showed the LD 50 and LD 90 for each observed time. The conclusion was bugang leaves extract have insecticide potency against Anopheles sp. larvaes on each extract concentration. Further studies should be done to examine the toxic dosage of bugang leaves extract for human.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medical Education
Depositing User: Rayi Tegar Pamungkas
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2012 03:16
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2012 03:16
URI: http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/3182

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