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THE STUDENTS’ WRITING STRATEGY IN DEVELOPING ESSAY AT THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UMM

JAYA, YUDHO MAHENDRA (2011) THE STUDENTS’ WRITING STRATEGY IN DEVELOPING ESSAY AT THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UMM. Other thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

Writing is not only a tool for communication, but also it serves as a means of learning, thinking, and organizing knowledge or ideas. Writing is a complex activity involving some stages of composition task completion (Chen, 2002; Watskins, 2004). Therefore, this skill has been considered one of the most difficult skills for learners to master. The purpose of the study was to find out the strategy used by the students in writing essay and the reason of using them in writing essay. In this case, the scope of the study was sixth semester students of English Department UMM, it is limited on the writing strategy used by the English Department students who had the writing IV subject. This was a descriptive study; therefore it involved collecting the data in order to answer the question dealing with current status of the object study. There were three classes consisting 50 students and the researcher used cluster random sampling techniques. In this case, the writer took the target of the population randomly using lottery in choosing the class (Class A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J). The result of the lottery showed that class D was selected as the sample and it consisted of 50 students. The instruments used were the paper and pencil test consisted of two themes, such as three experiences in the past and three planning in the future and the questionnaire to gather the students’ reasons of using the strategy in writing one of the themes. The result of the data analysis showed that most of the students used other strategies besides composition strategy, self-regulation strategy, and process based essay strategy in writing an essay: It was seen from each indicator for example word or vocabulary, sentence, paragraph, and revision as shown in their writing work and the writing IV lecturer reviews. The second commonly used strategy was process-based strategy (30%), next was composition strategy (28%), and the less commonly used was self-regulation strategy (8%). Although the students’ reasons were inconsistent to the facts found in their essays that it might because of lack of knowledge to the writing strategies, those three strategies were appeared in paper and pencil test.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > Department of English Language Education (88203)
Depositing User: Mrs Ruli Alfi
Date Deposited: 30 May 2016 01:44
Last Modified: 30 May 2016 01:44
URI : http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/30937

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