HASANAH, MARDHATIL (2009) DAMPAK KEBERLANJUTAN LIBERALISASI PANGAN PASCA IMF TERHADAP KETAHANAN PANGAN INDONESIA. Other thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.
DAMPAK_KEBERLANJUTAN_LIBERALISASI_PANGANPASCAIMFTERHADAP_KETAHANAN_PANGANINDONESIA.pdf - Published Version
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Food security is important side of national security. Generally, the food security based on three aspect, that is availability of food, society acces to food, and stability of food price. In Indonesia, rice is strategies commodity because it is not just economic problem, but it has relevance with social and political problem. Consideration of importance of rice, Indonesia government always try to carry out many policy of food to increase stability of national food. But economic crisis which experienced Indonesia in 1997 cause there are big change in Indonesia food policy. Indonesia government need big financial in handle economic problem, so that IMF (International Monetary Fund) came to Indonesia to give debt with some rules and regulations to Indonesia government which listed in Letter of Intent (LoI). Then, handling of LoI more large and IMF force their importance with relevance foreign debt with some issues, entire of food sectoral. Food security in Indonesia are weak because government make liberazation to market domestic rice. Because there are some negative effect which be emerged from IMF programs, entire food security, in the last of August 2003 Indonesia government decide to finish cooperation with IMF and enter in PPM (Post Program Monitoring) era. PPM era is paying by instalment of debt remains to IMF until quota boundary of 100 percent maximal 7 years. Finally in the year of 2006 Indonesia government paying the rest of debt until boundary of quota, so indirectly have finished PPM era in Indonesia. The method in this research is descriptive analytic. The study result that although Indonesia have paying debt to IMF, but after IMF Indonesia government have create new foreign debt, especially to World Bank and ADB (Asian Development Bank). The foreign debt after IMF then give influence to Indonesia food security, which there are continue food liberazation in Indonesia by moving of foreign debt in Indonesia from IMF to World Bank and ADB. Rules and regulation which be proposed by World Bank and ADB are similar with IMF before. The rules and regulation for example continue privatization target, selling to country assets, reduce of aim to public sector, and erase of impor bea to farmers.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Other)|
|Subjects:||J Political Science > JA Political science (General)|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social and Political Science > Department of International Relationship|
|Depositing User:||Anwar Jasin|
|Date Deposited:||25 Apr 2012 09:23|
|Last Modified:||25 Apr 2012 09:23|
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