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“MEMOIRS OF A GEISHA NOVEL BY ARTHUR GOLDEN”: AN ANALYSIS ON FEMINIST LITERARY CRITICISM PERSPECTIVE

WIDYAYANTI, DENY (2013) “MEMOIRS OF A GEISHA NOVEL BY ARTHUR GOLDEN”: AN ANALYSIS ON FEMINIST LITERARY CRITICISM PERSPECTIVE. Other thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

In literature, novel criticism is one of innovation in literary works. This is a new reading practice that successfully brings modern analysis to the novel which has been traditional and masculine. The traditional and masculine novels tell about women status and their burden that reflected as discrimination. The novel criticism analyzes and criticizes a literary work that has discrimination content in order to give information to the reader about feminist perspective. The researcher tried to analyze feminist literary criticism in Arthur Golden’s Memoirs of a Geisha novel to let readers have information and knowledge about inequality of gender. This novel also expressed the kinds of gender bias that would be interesting to analyze further. Based on the background of the study, the statement of the problem is formulated as follow: What kinds of gender bias are expressed in Memoirs of Geisha novel based on feminist literary criticism perspective? This study applied descriptive qualitative method by collecting the data and reviewing literature which are relevant to the topic to prove research data. Moreover, the approach used in this study is an objective approach because the researcher is not necessary to study about the author’s life, background of work, or background of society. The finding of the study showed that women in “Memoirs of a Geisha” novel got discrimination that reflected to the feminist literary criticism. There are five kinds of gender bias that expressed in this novel. First was stereotype. Sayuri was stereotyped as a bad luck in the fishing place and she was stereotyped as a prostitute when she had conversation with western people. Second was subordinate. Sayuri became a geisha because she had no choice to get a better life. This is happened because of the assumption that women cannot work as men. Third was marginalization. The geishas in this novel came from poor family. They could not get a better education to have better life. They need men to fulfill their needs. Fourth was violence. The men were not respect women as well. Fifth was burden. The burden expressed when Satsu had to work since she was a little girl. The burden as the oldest daughter made her did the households things and work to support her family.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
P Language and Literature > PE English
Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > Department of English Language Education (88203)
Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Adi Husada
Date Deposited: 10 May 2016 02:16
Last Modified: 10 May 2016 02:16
URI : http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/29347

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