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THE EFFECT OF SHORT STORY IN IMPROVING THE EIGHT GRADE STUDENTS' VOCABULARY MASTERY AT SMP PGRI 1 KARANGPLOSO

DEWI, YOESI ROESITA (2012) THE EFFECT OF SHORT STORY IN IMPROVING THE EIGHT GRADE STUDENTS' VOCABULARY MASTERY AT SMP PGRI 1 KARANGPLOSO. Other thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

Vocabulary is an inseparable part of any language learning process. It would be impossible to learn a language without vocabulary because it supports all of the English skills such as listening, speaking, reading and writing. Considering the importance of vocabulary, the introduction of new vocabulary at the first stages of learning process to the students is necessary because it will lead them understanding a lot of vocabulary easily. However, learning vocabulary is not easy, based on the fact that the students' achievement in English was not satisfactory. Short story is one of interesting materials used to improve the students' vocabularies. This study used quasi-experimental research design because in many situations in educational research, it was not possible to conduct a true experiment research design. In quasi-experimental design the researcher can control the treatment but cannot randomly assign subjects to the treatment because the individual are already organized in classes. The researcher divided the classroom into experimental group and control group. In this case, the experimental group was given a treatment using short story and the control group was thought without using short story. The population in this study was all of the eight grade students of SMP PGRI 1 Karangploso which were divided into five classes. The researcher used cluster sampling to select the sample. The researcher took the sample based on the class which has the lowest mean score of examination and daily task. As a result, class 8A was the experimental group and 8E was the control group. The instrument of this study was vocabulary test consisted of 20 questions. Based on the result of pre-test, it was found that there was no significant difference on the studentsÂ'vocabularies achievement between the experimental and control group. The pre-test mean score of experimental group was 49.21 and the control group was 51.71. And the finding of the research showed that short story improved students' vocabularies achievement of eight grade students. This was because the mean score ofpost-test of experimental group was 67.76 while the mean score of the control group was 62.23. Moreover, after being computed by using t-test it was found that tewas 3.068 and the df of 74, then the tt value were found 1.99at the level significance of 0.05 and the ttvalue were found 2.64 at the level significance of 0.01. The data showed that the value of tewas greater than tt. Therefore, the alternative hypothesis stated that short story improves students' vocabulary mastery is accepted.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
Divisions: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > Department of English Language Education (88203)
Depositing User: Mrs Fatimah Azzahra
Date Deposited: 07 May 2016 01:52
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2018 03:28
URI : http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/29152

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