PEMBUATAN BIODIESEL DENGAN BAHAN BAKU MINYAK KELAPA (Coconut Oil) MELALUI PROSES TRANSESTERIFIKASI

HANDRI ANTO, DIAN (2009) PEMBUATAN BIODIESEL DENGAN BAHAN BAKU MINYAK KELAPA (Coconut Oil) MELALUI PROSES TRANSESTERIFIKASI. Other thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

Reserve of Energi fossil in Indonesia on the wane, while its requirement increasing along growth of industry and resident. Meanwhile we know, petroleum represent result of from natural evolution process that goes on during thousands of even millions of last year and represent the source of energi which cannot innovate. Is not wrong if many expert estimate, at 10 year come us of is known as state pengekspor of oil fuel (BBM) turn into importing country. To overcome that thing, existence of alternative fuel (BBA) very is expected. One of the peaceful BBA to environment coming plant/animal, more knowledgeable with term of biodiesel. Making of biodiesel can through reaction of oil transesterifikasi or fat acid with alcohol (methanol/etanol), to get comparison between and reaktan of katalis correct to be yielding biodiesel owning characteristic most coming near or equal to diesel fuel fuel according to standard. Attempt step started by providing requirement for the process of transesterifikasi that is by considering palm oil (Coconut Oil) as heavy as 100 ml, methanol { 10%, 15% and 20%(b/b) } and % KOH { 1%, 1,5%, and 2%(b/b) }. Later;Then materialss which have been drawn up to be continued with process of transesterifikasi that is by heating palm oil with temperature 60°C, later;then him it with sodium of metoksid (methanol mixture with KOH) during 5 minute shaked in blender and taken care of its temperature at temperature 60°C. Result of reaction hushed form two coat. Level of methanol variation and variation of KOH solid have real influence to making of yielded biodiesel.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Anwar Jasin
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2012 02:03
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2012 02:03
URI: http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/2770

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