UJI POTENSI EKSTRAK DAUN ALPOKAT(Persea Gratissima Gaertn) SEBAGAI LARVASIDA TERHADAP LARVA Anopheles Sp.

CIPTADANI, REITINE (2009) UJI POTENSI EKSTRAK DAUN ALPOKAT(Persea Gratissima Gaertn) SEBAGAI LARVASIDA TERHADAP LARVA Anopheles Sp. Other thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

Anopheles sp. act as the vector of diseases especially Malaria and Filariasis. Effort for controlling Anopheles sp. population were difficult because of insectiside resistance. Sintetic insectiside can cause enviromental damage and harmful to human health. For that reason, alternative larvacide is needed. Some of the bioactive substance of Avocad leaves (Persea gratissima Gaertn) suspected toxic to Anopheles larvaes were alkaloid, saponin, and flavonoida. The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the larvasidal effect of avocad leaves extract againts Anopheles sp. larvaes. Extraction of avocad leaves was done in Chemical Laboratory University of Muhammadiyah Malang on July 2009. The research was done in Insectiside Test Laboratory Disease Reservoir Vector Research Centre Salatiga, Centre Java on July 2009. This experiment was true experiment­post test only control group design and was repeated four times. The dosages used were 5.000, 10.000, 20.000, 40.000, 80.000, 160.000 ppm and aquadest (control). The tests were done by using plastic glasses with diameter 7 cm and observed at 1, 2, 4, 8, 16,24, and > 24 hours respectively. Concentration of 160.000 ppm showed the most effective insecticide potency up to 60% at the 24 hours. Probit analyzed showed the LD 50 and LD 90 for each observed time. The conclusion was avocad leaves extract have high insecticide potency against Anopheles sp. larvaes on each extract concentration. Further studies should be done to examine the toxic dosage of avocad leaves extract for human.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medical Education
Depositing User: Anwar Jasin
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2012 02:47
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2012 02:47
URI: http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/1682

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