## ANALISIS KESALAHAN PENYELESAIAN SOAL CERITA DENGAN TAHAPAN NEWMAN (NEWMAN’S ERROR ANALYSIS)

HIDAYAT, HELMAN (2012) ANALISIS KESALAHAN PENYELESAIAN SOAL CERITA DENGAN TAHAPAN NEWMAN (NEWMAN’S ERROR ANALYSIS). Other thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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## Abstract

In mathematical instruction, problem solving in a real life is usually actualized in form of word problems. In fact however the student’s ability in word problems is very poor. The low of student ability is shown with the number of errors they made. Hence error analysis needs to do to know where the students make mistakes. The method that can be used to analyze student’s errors is Newman’s Error Analysis (NEA). There are five steps in Newman’s Error Analysis Method, they are: reading, comprehension, transformation, process skill, and encoding. This study is aimed to describe: (1) errors that very often done by students in solving word problems, and (2) forms of error done by students in solving word problems. The study is a quantitative descriptive research. The study was implemented to students of SMP Muhammadiyah 06 DAU Malang grade of VIII-A. The data collection used test and interview. The data analysis used descriptive analysis to the forms of student’s error. While the simple statistical analysis is used to level of errors made by students in solving word problems in Newman’s prompt. The result of study shown that errors which very often done by students in solving word problems placed in encoding step. The errors in reading step are: writing down the meaning of word/phrase unproperly, writing down the meaning of word/phrase that is not very clear, give meaning of word/phrase incompletely, and not writing down the meaning of word/phrase at all. The errors in comprehension step are: writing down the given components incorrectly, writing down the given components briefly, writing down the given and asked components incompletely, and not writing down the given and asked components at all. The errors in transformation step are: writing down the method unproperly, writing down the method incompletely, and not writing down the method at all. The errors in process skill step are: doing computation in wrong method, doing errors in computation, doing misconception, not continuing the procedure of solution, and not writing down the procedure of solution. The errors in encoding step are: writing down encoding incorrectly, writing down encoding in properer unit, writing down encoding properly, and not writing down encoding at all

Item Type: Thesis (Other) L Education > L Education (General) Faculty of Teacher Training and Education > Department of Mathematics Education (84202) Gusti Vani Putri Cahya 03 Feb 2015 03:48 03 Feb 2015 03:48 http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/15562