‘Traditionalist’ and ‘Islamist’ pesantren in contemporary Indonesia

van Bruinessen, Martin (2004) ‘Traditionalist’ and ‘Islamist’ pesantren in contemporary Indonesia. Muhammadiyah Articles (13740).

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Abstract

If the Indonesian pesantren have drawn some suspicious attention in the past few years — not so much from the Indonesian authorities as from those of the Philippines, Singapore, Australia and the US, as well as from international journalists — this is mostly due to the fact that some highly visible terrorism suspects have a relation with one particular pesantren in Central Java, the PP Al-Mukmin in Ngruki near Solo.[1] Ustad Abu Bakar Ba’asyir, who was one of the founders of this pesantren in the early 1960s and who returned there in 1999 after fourteen years spent in Malaysian exile, has been accused of being the spiritual leader of an underground movement known as Jama’ah Islamiyah, that is believed to be active all over Muslim Southeast Asia and to have carried out a large number of terrorist actions in Indonesia. Several of the perpetrators of the Bali bombing of 12 October 2002, which killed some two hundred people, were associated with a small pesantren in East Java that was established by Ngruki graduates.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > Muhammadiyah Articles
Divisions: Others
Depositing User: Rayi Tegar Pamungkas
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2012 07:06
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2012 07:06
URI: http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/1107

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