PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN RAJANGAN DAUN PEPAYA DAN LAMA PEMERAMAN TERHADAP SIFAT FISIKO KIMIAMINYAK KELAPA (Cocos nucifera Linn.)

Sugianto, Ari (2009) PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN RAJANGAN DAUN PEPAYA DAN LAMA PEMERAMAN TERHADAP SIFAT FISIKO KIMIAMINYAK KELAPA (Cocos nucifera Linn.). Other thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

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Abstract

Coconut oil is oil which produced from the extraction process of coconut or copra. Generally, after being carried out by extraction and heating process, to get coconut oil wich ready to consume, it need to be process to the next purification process, such: sedimentation, degumming, neutralization, discolourization, and deodorization, wich this process can reduce the nutrient of coconut oil. At this time, many kind of processing technique to process coconut into oil was developed. For example: acidification manner, stratified heating, fermentation process, the inducement technique, and enzymatic. Using papain enzyme wich recivied from papaya leaves latex, it hoped that can improved the physical and chemistry characteristic of coconut oil that producced. The aim of this research was to know the influence of increasing concentration of papaya leaves and fermentation on the the quality of coconut oil, knowing existence interaction between increasing concentration of papaya leaves and fermentation time in coconut oil processing. This research used the random group plan (RAK) with 2 factors that was compile in factorial manner, wich each factor was repetead by 3. Factor I, concentration of papaya leaves, A1: 0.8%, A2: 1,6%, factor II, long of fermentation, P1: 15 hour, P2: 20 hour, P3: 25 hour. The result of this reasearch show that the best treatment recivied from combination between concentration of papaya leaves 0.8% and fermentation 15 hour, wich produce the best coconut oil with iodine value 8.86mg/g, saponification value 258.92mg/g, free fatty acid 0.34%, viscocity 0.4d-Pass, lightness (L) 49.73, brightness (b+) 7.73, density index 1.451, oil in blondo 72.39, oil water 0.08%, and flavour scor 2.96 (rather interesting).

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture & Animal Husbandry > Department of Agrotechnology
Depositing User: Anggit Aldila
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2012 03:23
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2012 03:23
URI: http://eprints.umm.ac.id/id/eprint/10864

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